Matera

Matera is one of the most interesting, fascinating and amazing destinations in Italy, famous for its extensive cave-dwelling districts, the sassi, the rupestrian churches and the natural areas that preserves an unique habitat. In 1993 the town was made a UNESCO World Heritage site, for being "the most outstanding, intact example of a troglodyte settlement in the Mediterranean region, perfectly adapted to its terrain and ecosystem. The first inhabited zone dates from the Palaeolithic, while later settlements illustrate a number of significant stages in human history".
The stunning landscape of Matera has been chosen to shoot many films, including the "The Passion of Christ" by Mel Gibson.
Matera awarded the title of “ 2019 European Capital of Culture” in Italy

http://www.sassiweb.it/matera/la-citta-di-matera/introduzione/
http://www.comune.matera.it/